UN Women recently published the results of the Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices (KAP) Survey on Women’s Economic Rights in Afghanistan, which was conducted in partnership with D3 Systems (USA) and ACSOR Surveys (Afghanistan) in March 2016. The mixed-methods research design was developed to understand knowledge, attitudes, and practices of women’s economic rights in Afghanistan, particularly from the point of view of Afghan men. The study also measured perceptions of gender-based violence and regional variations in knowledge and perceptions. This study provided important baseline information necessary to design effective and sustainable economic empowerment interventions for women in Afghanistan.
The research design included both quantitative and qualitative research components, which provided a comprehensive overview of knowledge about and attitudes toward women’s economic rights across Afghanistan. Consequently, this mixed-methods research approach ensured the key recommendations from this report were validated not just by a single quantitative survey, but also by rich qualitative data from stakeholder in-depth interviews, allowing for data triangulation between them. The final sample for the quantitative survey component consisted of 4,006 respondents sampled across seven provinces selected by UN Women, including Kabul, Paktiya, Nangarhar, Takhar, Balkh, Herat, and Kandahar. Respondents were 15 years and older, 67% were male, and 33% were female. The qualitative component included 33 in-depth interviews with key stakeholders. including religious leaders, business owners, and members of community development councils (CDCs).